Perspective drawing: Drawing the Interior

During this technical drawing session with Brian we focused on perspective again, but on a larger scale. We looked at techniques and ways of displaying perspective when drawing exteriors and also interiors, which proved to be slightly harder.  Creating a successful, true perspective drawing required adding different tonal variations by layering colours and using different mediums to define specific items and also to add texture within the drawing. This is very important if you want to construct a rewarding piece of 3-dimensional work as implementing precise tone and scale gives us a great perspective, and ultimately keeps the drawing from remaining 2-D. We learnt techniques of how to draw buildings from different viewpoints and how many artists use a fish-eye perspective technique to conceive outstanding interior illustrations.

Here is a simple example of how to draw the exterior of a building using a two-point perspective technique.

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(Fig.1) A two-point perspective technique has been used to construct this building. The points are joined to create an isometric shape, the building is then drawn within. Here a single line render has been used with a Biro pen.

Following this, we looked through a slideshow of how different artists chose to illustrate drawings of interiors. We noticed that the artists used a fish-eye-perspective, this is a two-part projection. First, three-dimensional space is projected onto the surface of a hemisphere, by connecting every external point to the center of the sphere. Second, the hemisphere is projected onto its underlying circle. This way the interior is brought forward and the perspective of where things are in the room can be easily seen i.e. objects which are closer to us are larger and clearer. It was inspirational and interesting to see just how many different techniques of drawing there are, and once you have the basic principles of how to properly project an interior you really can create lots of beautiful drawings.

Inspirational Artist: Richard Chadwick

hand rendered marker visuals by Richard Chadwick

All of Chadwick’s drawings are done entirely by hand, using pen and marker renderings to capture the energy of the moment, better than anything produced by CAD in his eyes. Within his portfolio of work Chadwick also used mediums such as water colours and oils, if you want to study more about the artist have a look a Chadwick’s creative blog, otherwise, enjoy the following images of his divine work.

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(Fig.2) Much of Chadwicks’ content is leisure industry based i.e. bars, restaurants and clubs, produced using marker pens. Chadwick has displayed shiny elements within this piece using a type of white medium to add glistening reflections off the chandeliers and glass objects.
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(Fig.3) The Bank at bury – here the artist added colours to add life to the interior
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(Fig.4) Dry Bar Hotel, Manchester This was a re-vamped sketch-plan of the hotel, an idea to turn the upper derelict floors into a 28 bed boutique hotel. A different technique for perspective would have been used here as the view-point is elongated and coming from below.

Our Turn! As a class we chose a section of a Richard Chadwick drawing to try and recreate, keeping in mind the techniques of rendering colours on top of colours and creating texture. We decided on the Merchants sketch-drawing, a restaurant and bar at the Moat House Hotel in Blackburn. This seemed like quite a relevant sketch to copy as it captured the main elements in which we were learning to pursue within out work; he created reflection within the surface of the floor by drawing neat marker lines next to each other allowing them to ‘bleed’ into each other. He adds what looks like white chalk to create the detail of the tiles and also leaves lots of whites which creates reflection. There is much depth of field in the drawing and much distorted detail, however we just chose to draw one section.

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(Fig.5) Merchants, Chadwicks’ drawing
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(Fig.6) My attempt at the drawing. This was just a rough sketch, as it was just important that we understood the technique of layering colours and seeing the different tones we could make using them.

In terms of drawing materials, i used ‘kuracolours’ professional felt tips with both a thick end tip and a thin end. These are great felt tips tip layer with as each stroke creates a different colour. It would have been good to have had more time to add in a bit more detail and white chalk to add detail to the flooring, but anyhow, i am pleased with my very first try.

The self directed part

After looking at perspectives within the interior, we looked at a couple more interesting situations to draw. Brian took real life images and then traced over them to form a textured drawing of the original image. Here are the images:

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(Fig.7) The original image, two men speaking in an office.
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(Fig.8) The image sketched onto tracing paper

Self directed mission

  1. Take and print a photo of an image with a fair amount of detail in it. Then trace this image and further add lots of texture using different mediums.
  2. Do the same, this time however with an image of interior of our choice, this could be out halls of residence, the interior of a shop etc.

The hubs

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(Fig.9) My traced, textured drawing of the Sheffield hubs! Rendered firstly using line drawing and then further going over in pencil, fine ink liner, and ‘Karisma’ colour pencils. A lot of shading went on within this piece.
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(Fig.10) Original shot of the Hubs, Sheffield. Perfect opportunity to play with tones and shading.

Barclay’s‘ Bank

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(Fig.11) My drawing of the interior of Barclay’s Bank, Sheffield. I just loved the layout of this space and i had to take a photo of it. The setting was just perfect, people in a place along with great interior elements i.e. the spiral staircase going downstairs, and the windows with the view of people and other buildings. I had much joy creating this sketch, i really didn’t know i was capable of such a thing! I decided to dress all of the people mostly in blacks, just to break up the colours and reflect the seriousness of the job. Produced by rendering ‘Karisma’ colour pencils, and shading graphite pencils.
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(Fig.12) Original Barclay’s Bank image. I felt this area held great interior elements and would be so fun to recreate.

This piece of self directed work has been such a pleasure and such an experience, it’s nice to realise you are capable of creating things you never knew you could! I can honestly say i have gained much confidence from this, and after looking back to all of the technical drawing i have carried out throughout this past month i do feel like i have progressed a lot. At the very beginning of starting my course i was scared to put pencil to paper, i never thought of myself as a good drawer as such as i hadn’t dabbled in much technical drawing before, but mostly photography. Within each lesson, and each blog post i have learnt something knew, gosh knows what talents will be like in a few years time!

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